Alexander Calder was born in Lawton Pennsylvania in 1886.
Alexander Calder is one of the giants of modern art. He is best known
as the creator of kinetic mobiles and dynamic stables which have brought
a brilliant mix of invention and joy to modern art.
Calder studied engineering at the Stevens Institute of Technology
before studying art at the Art Student's League in New York. His teachers
were Guy Du Bois, Boardman Robinson, and George Luks and John Sloan, members
of the Ashcan School. In 1926 Calder moved to Paris where he first created
wire art, figures and abstract toys that were playful, colorful and whimsical.
In 1931 Calder met Piet Mondrian in France and was inspired with the idea that Mondrian's figures should oscillate. From this inspiration came Calder's moving wire figures, and then the free-floating mobiles for which he is best known. Calder explored other art venues such as sets and costumes for Martha Graham dances, a "ballet" of mobiles which moved to electronic music for Janne Moreau, rugs, and lighting fixtures. Alexander Calder also designed jewelry, tapestry and architectural interiors. Calder was prolific and worked throughout his career in many art forms including drawings, oil paintings, watercolors, etchings, goache, serigraphy and other limited edition print mediums. Calder is the subject of three films about contemporary art and his work, the first of which produced by MOMA in 1944. Throughout his career he accepted commissions for public art including the Spanish Pavilion at the Paris World's Fair in 1937, and New York World's Fair in 1939. Other public art commissions include New York International Airport, General Motors Corp, UNESCO, and Paris hotels. He was awarded prizes in world arenas including Venice 1952 Biennial, Carnegie, Architectural League of New York, Gold Medal, Brandes University, and MOMA, Calder's works appear in major museums throughout the world such as New York's Museum of Modern Art, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Moscow's Museum of Western Art, and Paris' Museum of Modern Art. He has been given retrospective one person shows throughout the world including MOMA, Berne, and in 1998 at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art which attracted a total of 603,700 visitors.
Selected Solo Exhibitions Include: -1926 - Artist's Gallery, New York, NY.-1928 - Weyhe Gallery, New York, NY.- 1929 - Galerie Billiet, Paris, France.-1932 - Julien Levy Gallery, New York, NY. -1943 - Retrospective, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY; Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA. -1950 - Galerie Maeght, Paris, France; Retrospective, Masachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.-1963 - Calder gouache show, Perls Gallery, New York; Retrospective, Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY.-1976 - Calder, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA ; Retrospective, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY.-1977 - Alexander Calder Memorial, American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, New York, NY ; Calder's Universe, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; High Art Musuem, Atlanta, GA .1978 - Images de Calder, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France; Calder's Universe, San Jose Museum of Art, CA; Portland Art Museum, OR; Phoenix Art Museum, AZ .-1981 - Alexander Calder: A Concentration of Works from the Permanent Collection, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY.-1982 - Tapices de Alexander Calder, Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico. -1984-Calde, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela;Des Stabiles et des Mobiles de Calder, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.-1987 - Alexander Calder: Sculptures of the Nineteen Thirties, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY. of American Art, New York, NY. 1989 - The Intimate World of Alexander Calder, Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution, New York, NY; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN.-1992 - Celebrating Calder, Whitney Museum; Alexander Calder, Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK. -1993 - Alexander Calder from the Collection of the Ruth and Leonard J. Horwich Family, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL.-1994 - Calder, Bibliotheque Municipale and Abbaye Saint-Germain, Auxerre, France; Calder Gallery Installation, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.-1996 - Alexander Calder: 1898-1976, Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France; Celebrating Calder, The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD. -1998 - Alexander Calder: 1898-1976, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. and SF MoMA; Flying Colors: The Innovation and Artistry of Alexander Calder, San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose , CA .-1999 - An Adventurous Spirit: Calder at The Phillips Collection, Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C ; Alexander Calder, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY; Alexander Calder in Focus, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL . - 2000 - Earthly Forms: The Biomorphic Sculpture of Arp, Calder and Noguchi, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY. -2001 - Alexander Calder: Motion and Color, Museum of Modern Art, Toyama, Japan; Alexander Calder in Focus, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL. -2002 - Calder '76: The Cutouts, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY; Alexander Calder: Motion and Color, Nagoya City Art Museum, Nagoya, Japan; Calder: Four Maquettes, Two Stabiles and a Little Bird Too, Ameringer Fine Arts, New York, NY. -2003 - Calder: Gravedad y la Gracia, Fundacion del Museo Guggenheim Bilbao, Spain; Alexander Calder, Gagosian Gallery, Beverly Hills, CA. -2004 - Alexander Calder, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, South Korea; Calder: Gravedad y la Gracia, Museo Nacional - Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain. -2005 - Alexander Calder: Two Monumental Sculptures, Gagosian Gallery, New York., NY; Alexander Calder, Samuel Vanhoegaerden Gallery, Knokke-Heist, Belgium. -2006 - The Surreal Calder, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art , San Francisco, CA; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN; Calder in Brazil, Paco Imperial, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; I Think Best in Wire: Alexander Calder, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY; Calder Gouaches: 1942-1976, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY, Calder: From Model to Monument, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY. -2007 - Focus: Alexander Calder, MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY. -2008 - Alexander Calder: Gouaches, Ricco Maresca Gallery, New York City, NY; Alexander Calder Jewelry, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL . -2009 - Alexander Calder: Printmaker - Bruce Museum, Greenwich, CT; Alexander Calder - Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome;Alexander Calder - Monumental Sculpture - Gagosian Gallery, Rome;Alexander Calder - Olympic Sculpture Park, Seattle, WA; Alexander Calder: 1969 The Fortieth Anniversary of La Grande vitesse - Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park, Grand Rapids, MI. -2010 - Alexander Calder - Galería Elvira González, Madrid; Calder Jewelry - GRAM - Grand Rapids Art Museum, Grand Rapids, MI; Retrospective - Zadok Art Gallery, Miami, FL; Alexander Calder - Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York City, NY. -2011 - Alexander Calder: The Painter - Helly Nahmad Gallery, London (England); Alexander Calder: 1941 - The Pace Gallery - 32 East 57th Street, New York City, NY; Alexander Calder: Gouaches - Pace Prints, New York City, NY; Calder - Huntington Museum of Art, Huntington, WV; Calder's Portraits: A New Language - The National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC. -2012 - The Complete Bronzes - L&M Arts, New York, New York City, NY; Calder Noir - Kukje Gallery, Seoul Alexander Calder - Crane Kalman Gallery, London (England); Alexander Calder - Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, The Hague Building the Collection: Art Acquired in the 1990s - Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, AR. - 2013 - Artistic Relationships: Partners, Mentors, Lovers - Bechtler Museum of Modern Art, Charlotte, NC; Dynamo Un Siecle De Lumiere Et De Mouvement Dans L'art 1913. -2013 - Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; Puppet Show - Eastside Projects, Birmingham (England); In the Library - The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC; Fun House - Richard Gray Gallery - New York, New York City, NY.
Selected Public Collections Include:
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy; National Gallery of Art, Washington
D.C.; Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston,
MA Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden,
Washington D.C; Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY; Fine Arts Museums of
San Francisco, San Francisco, CA; Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL;
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA; Whitney Museum
of American Art, New York , NY; Tate Gallery, London, UK; Reina Sofía
National Museum, Madrid, Spain; Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia,
PA; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA ; Indianapolis Museum
of Art, IN; Dallas Museum of Art, TX; Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland,
OH; Centre Pompidou, Paris, France.
Selected Literature Includes: -1966 - Calder, Alexander. An Autobiography With Pictures. New York: Pantheon Books. -1998- Guerrero, Pedro E. Calder at Home. The Joyous Environment of Alexander Calder. New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1998; Prather, Marla. Alexander Calder 1898. -1976. Washington D.C.; National Gallery of Art; -2005- Rosenthal, Mark, and Alexander S.C.Rower. The surreal Calder. Houston, TX; The Menil Collection.
A museum to honor Alexander Calder's art and that of his
three generation artistic family, has been scheduled to open in Philadelphia
Pennsylvania. Tadao Ando, the internationally renowned Pritzker Prize-winning
architect who is based in his native Osaka, Japan, is the architect who
will be designing the project. The Calder Foundation
announced that beginning 2013 it is preparing a catalogue of the graphic
editions of Alexander Calder, which will include detailed informaton about
this artwork including the works shown below.
The magnificent L'Inquietude, and the brilliant Banif Flying Colors suite, displayed below, are classic examples of this master's talent. Calder's brilliant career which extended over five decades, is perfectly represented in the wonderful original lithographs below. They are works witch were created in Calder's late years and they reflect an incredibly skilled mastery of the lithograph printmaking technique. These works are balanced and vibrant, and are classic examples of Calder's historic an aesthetically compelling art.
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