Robert Indiana was born, Robert Clark, in New Castle Indiana in 1928. He adopted the name of his native state as pseudonymous surname early in his career. Indiana was educated at John Herron School of Art, Indiana; Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, New York; Art Institute of Chicago; Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture University of Edinburgh; and Edinburgh College of Art, Edinburgh Scotland. Indiana died on May 19, 2018 at his island home off the coast of Main, USA.
Best known for his brilliantly colored geometric pop art,
Indiana has taken the everyday symbols of roadside America and made them
into cultural statements of life and politics. In the early 1960's his
works were first purchased by major museums. In 1964 he collaborated with
Andy Warhol on the film EAT and in the same year received his first public
commission, a work for the exterior of the New York State Pavilion at
the New York World's Fair - a 20 foot EAT sign. In 1967 he exhibited his
figurative Mother and Father at the Sao Paulo Bienal, in Brazil.
Other exhibitions include representation at Docments IV, Kassel Germany
by fifteen pieces and a serigraph, Eie Deutche Vier.
Indiana's public sculpture is among the finest of world
artists and includes the world famous Love sculptures created
in the 1960's. The Love sculpture most well known is the one
associated with the "city of brotherly love", i.e., Philadelphia
PA, which is exhibited in John F. Kennedy Plaza i.e. Love Park in
Philadelphia, PA. There are dozens of versions of the "Love"
sculptures throughout the world including a version called AMOR,"Love"
in Spanish, and one of those sculptures is permanently installed at Sister
Cities Park. Indiana is recognized throughout Europe, Canada, South America,
and the United States. His paintings, sculptures and graphic work is exhibited
and collected in most major museums displaying contemporary art including:
the Washington National Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington
D.C.; The Philadelphia Museum of Art; and the Metropolitan Museum of Art
in New York.
Robert Indiana's work is specifically associated with the
period of American Pop Art. Unlike most Pop Art, Indiana's word-images
manifest comment on society, and are rendered in clashing colors and precise
hard-edge color shapes. Indiana's strength is his hostility to both closed
systems and to art for art's sake. The American dream has been a recurring
theme in his work, and he has used it to both celebrate and criticize
the national way of life. In the midst of the star-spangled color of The
American Dream #J, (1961, Museum of Modern Art) he highlights the
words "Take All", and " Tilt". Generally rather than specifically, Indiana
had interpreted American culture at that time - 'optimistic, generous,
and naive'. His paintings, graphics, and constructions have given new
meaning to works such as "Eat", "Die", "Love", and "Hope".
His famous "Love" paintings, graphics, and construction is reproduced
on the popular multi colored "Love" United States postage stamp. The art
displayed below is the most successful and classic of Robert Indiana's
Contact us to see other Indiana art that is available but not shown on our site at this time.
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